(a) “Einstein, A Life” p.388, by Denis Brian, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1996
(b) “Vegetarian Watch - Tower”, Albert Einstein, 27 December 1930]
-John Harris - Animals, Men and Morals
[Quoted in “The Extended Circle,” p.114, Jon Wynne-Tyson, Paragon House, New York, 1989]
No, not according to the perennial wisdom handed to us through the ages; the following quotations from around the world speak for themselves.
-Mahabharata, epic Hindu scripture (c. 500 BCE-CE 400)
-Laws of Manu, code of Hinduism (c. 200 BCE-CE 200)
-Asoka, 3rd century BCE Buddhist emperor
[Quoted in “Food for the spirit – Vegetarianism and the World Religions,”p.80, Bala books, New York, 1987]
-Ovid, 1st century BCE Roman poet
[Quoted in “The Philosophy of Vegetarianism,” p.85, The University of Massachusetts Press, 1984]
-Clementine Homilies, 2nd century Christian text
[Quoted in “Food for the spirit – Vegetarianism and the World Religions,”p.19, Bala books, New York, 1987]
-Clement of Alexandria, 2nd century Christian theologian
-Porphyry, 3rd century Neo-Platonist philosopher
[Quoted in “Porphyry – on Abstinence from Animal Food,”p.177, Centaur Press, London, 1965]
-Iamblichus, 4th century Greek philosopher and historian
[Quoted in “Iamblichus’ Life of Pythagoras,”p.58, Inner Traditions International, 1986]
-St. John Chrysostom, 4th century Father of the Eastern Church
[Quoted in “Food for the spirit – Vegetarianism and the World Religions,”p.18, Bala books, New York, 1987]
-Al-Ghazali, 11th-12th century Muslim theologian and mystic
your punishment will depend
on where [on the scale of evolution]
you have struck your blade - high or low!...
You are not a vulture, to stoop on carcasses,
and do not, like a crow,
dip your feet in others' blood.
Even if hunger has reduced you to a mere skeleton -
bloodless like a picture image -
you will, at least, be spared the punishments
of a carcass eater."
-Nizaami Ganjavee, 12th century Sufi poet
[Quoted in “Mazkhzan-i Azrar,” p.123, 185, Munshi Naval Kishore Press, 1872, Kanpur, India]
-St. Bonaventure, 13th century Franciscan minister and theologian
[Quoted in “Bonaventure,” p. 254-255, Paulist Press, New York, 1978]
and claim it to be in keeping
With the canons of your creed.
But when God places before you
The record of your cruel deeds,
What will your fate be?"
-Kabir, 15th century Indian mystic
[Quoted in “Kabir – The Weaver of God’s Name” by V.K Sethi, www.scienceofthesoul.org]
... He who does not value life does not deserve it. "
-Leonardo Da Vinci, 15th century Italian artist and scientist
[Quoted in “The Vegetable Passion – A history of the vegetarian state of mind,” p.70, Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, 1975]
-Henry David Thoreau, 19th century American writer and naturalist
-George Bernard Shaw, 19th - 20th century British writer and critic
[Quoted in “Bernard Shaw: Selections of his wit and his wisdom,” p.359, Follet Publishing Company, Chicago, 1965]
-Isaac Bashevis Singer, 20th century Jewish writer
[Quoted in “The Holy Name,” by M.B Caravella, www.scienceofthesoul.org]
Each of us will find out after we take our last breath.
Until that moment comes, what's the wisest course of action?